Report Sample
Report Sample
Report Sample

Highlighted terminology is explained at the bottom of the page.


Low velocity impact insurance claims often require expert objective analysis and opinion on damage consistency and the likelihood of injury mechanisms. We provide both desktop and investigative services to our clients.

We objectively assess the characteristics of vehicle contact marks, primary and secondary damage of all collision-involved vehicles. We consider all available evidence, including but not limited to, Audatex reports, damage assessment reports, photographs from involved road users, digital video evidence, medical experts and all other sources.

All our CPR-compliant reports are comprehensive and include the use of:

      1. Scaled vehicle diagrams up to and including 2018 models.
      2. Advanced computer simulations through the Kudlich-Slibar model to determine the delta-v (change in speed) of each collision-involved vehicle and the collision deformation energy.
      3. Crash test reports to compare deformation energies relative to the collision-involved vehicles.
      4. At least thirteen published and peer-reviewed research studies.

Our computer simulations perform all delta-v determinations through the use of mathematical models to simulate the behaviour of the collision system by performing complex iterations of input variables. Our simulations allow for the entry of vehicle-specific data, such as mass, dimensions, heights of centre of mass and impact configurations. The computer simulation models correlate with results from staged collision tests from the Research Input for Computer Simulation of Automobile Collisions (RICSAC) series.

Our objective analysis seeks to determine:

      1. A forensic link between the collision-involved vehicles.
      2. The consistency of vehicle contact marks, primary and secondary damage with the reported circumstances (collision scenario).
      3. The impact configuration.
      4. The number of impacts.
      5. The chronological order of multiple impacts.
      6. The likelihood of injury mechanisms to the vehicle occupants.
      7. A coefficient of restitution.
      8. The vehicle damage profile.

Although our client's matters of instruction guide us, our low speed claim validation reports are both comprehensive and thorough. The reports are laid out in a proven structure that assists those tasked at judging the actions of others.

Fundamental to our claim validation process is the objective analysis of vehicle contact marks, primary damage and secondary damage in comparision with the other collision-involved vehicle. All our expert opinions on injury mechanisms are based on objective evidence with bracketed numerical values.

Our objective basis underpins our conclusions and provides robust findings assisting our clients to minimise costly court trials, storage and vehicle rental charges. We provide our clients with effective and early cost containment options through our service level agreements.

Please contact us to if you wish to be sent a report sample.


neck x-ray
vehicle damage


Fees & Lead Times

Our service level agreement and fees for our CPR-compliant desktop reports are fixed.

Our service level agreements and fees for our investigative services vary due to the complexity of each case and any additional investigative services required.

Please contact us to discuss your requirements.




Coefficient of Restitution – The relative velocity of departure divided by the relative velocity of approach.

Collision-Involved Vehicle – A vehicle directly related to a collision.

Collision Scenario – The circumstances of a collision.

Contact Mark – A mark created following an interaction with another item.

Deformation – Distortion of a vehicle from its original dimensions.

Deformation Energy – The energy dissipated in producing the residual crush.

Delta-V – The vector difference between impact velocity and separation velocity.

Impact Configuration – The position and heading of each collision-involved vehicle and pedestrian at the initial time of impact.

Impact Velocity – The velocity of the centre of gravity of each collision-involved vehicle, object or person immediately prior to impact.

Injury Mechanism – The mechanical behaviour leading to an injury.

Primary Damage – Damage caused by the first significant contact with another collision-involved vehicle, object or person.

Road Users – Persons on the road including drivers, vehicle riders, pedestrians or passengers.

Secondary Damage – Damage caused by the second significant contact with another collision-involved vehicle, object or person.

Vehicle Contact Mark – A mark created on a collision-involved vehicle following interaction with another collision-involved vehicle, object or person.

Vehicle Damage Profile–- The arrangement of damage to a collision-involved vehicle.

Vehicle Occupant – Road user in or on a vehicle.


our Services

All Inclusive Service Collision Accident

All-Inclusive Investigation

Collision Reconstruction Collision Accident

Investigative Reconstructions
Desktop Analysis Collision Accident

Desktop Analysis
Claim Validation

Claim Validations
Vehicle Examinations Collision Accident

Vehicle Examinations
Laser Scanning Collision Accident

3D Laser Scanning
Forensic Animations Collision Accident

Forensic Animations
CCTV Digital Video Analysis Collision Accident

Digital Video Analysis
Collision Site Analysis Collision Accident

Collision Site Analysis
UAV Collision Accident

UAV Aerial Imagery
Collision Accident Computer Simulations

Computer Simulations
Collision Accident Vehicle Forensics Infortainment

Vehicle Forensics
Collision Accident Crash Data Analysis

Crash Data Analysis
Collision Accident Light Bulb Analysis

Lamp Analysis
Collision Accident Seat Belts

Seat Belt Examinations
Incident Analysis

Incident Analysis
Collision Accident Photography

Site Photography
Collision Accident Scale Plan

Scale Plans
Collision Accident Report Validation

Report Confirmations